Minerva is the Roman goddess of wisdom and the sponsor of arts, trade, and defense. Minerva is often associated with the owl as it presented the knowledge of wisdom and prosperity. She was the goddess of medicine, doctors, and military strategy. Ovid, ” The Goddess of a thousand work,” said she had a warlike side to her. In Greece.

Minerva was known as Athena. Minerva has a gorgon’s head on her, in some images, this is because of her involvement in the ancient myth with medusa.

After impregnating Metis, Jupiter recalled a prophecy. In this prophecy, his own child would grow stronger than him and eventually overthrow him. Jupiter was so frightened of losing his throne, so he swallowed Metis. While within Jupiter, Metis forged weapons and armors for her child.

The continuous pounding gave Jupiter a headache. Vulcan, the God of fire used a hammer to split Jupiter’s head to relieve the pain, from his cracked Minerva emerged. Minerva was already an adult and wore her mother’s armor and weapons. Her Greek equivalent was Athena.

Minerva wasn’t just a sign of divine intellect, she loved to gift those who love to seek her guidance and induces meditation of intellectual illumination and wisdom


There was a Lydian girl called Arachne who gained a reputation because of her skills in the weaver of wool, who made the most beautiful tapestries. Her work was so good that many people start believing that she had been taught by Minerva, the goddess who was the most skilled of all the gods at the time.

When Arachne started gaining a huge amount of respect from people, she also started feeling jealous of Minerva’s Popularity so she decided to give a challenge to Minerva and said: “Let us Hold a contest”, if I’m beaten I’ll pay any forfeit.


In response, Minerva kept her anger calm and said: You should aim to be known as the best among humankind in the arts of working with wool, but yield the palm to Athene and humbly crave her forgiveness for boasting so rashly.


Arachne in response with so much superbity said, Leave me alone you stupid old woman! The trouble with you is you’ve lived too long.. I’m clever enough to advise myself. Don’t think your warnings have done any good. I’m set on my course. Minerva straightaway accepts the challenge.

They both fastly set up their looms in different places and made haste; with robes hitched up to the girdle, they moved their experienced arms, the labor lightened by pleasure.


Minerva depicts her dispute over Athens in her Art.

Poseidon, the god of the ocean, was shown on his feet and striking the rugged crag with his great long trident, while seawater gushed forth out of the cleft in the rock. to establish his claim to Athens.

Athena characterized herself by her helmeted head, her sharp-pointed spear, her shield, and the aegis guarding her breasts. The picture suggested the earth had been struck by the goddess’s spear to produce the olive tree.


Arachne depicts Europa and Zeus.

Arachne’s picture presented Europa seduced by Zeus in the guise of a bull, the bull, and the sea were convincingly real.

The girl appeared to be looking back to the shore behind her, calling out to the friends. she was leaving afraid of the surging waves which threatened to touch her and nervously lifting her feet.

At last Arachne’s Art was declared to be better than Minerva. Not even the goddess of envy could criticize weaving like that. Minerva was so angry as she ripped up the picture betraying the god’s misdemeanors. she was still holding her shuttle of hard Syrian boxwood and used it to strike Arachne a number of times on her forehead.


The owl of Athena, or with her Roman counterpart respectively the owl of Minerva are owls that are going to work as companions of the goddesses but also the owls have symbols, a symbol of wisdom, a symbol of perception, a symbol of knowledge.

These owls are going to be used in our western culture to be able to demonstrate these various character tricks. Minerva was famous for her philosophy so as owls are.


As she was also the goddess of war, she was publicly identified with the Greek Athena. Italy was mainly famous for its worshipping of Minerva. Many highbrows believe that the cult of Minerva was introduced at Rome from Eturia.

She was also known for her association with Jupiter and Juno. Many Poets, actors, and craftsmen were used to have a meeting in her place which is now her Shrine also, in Aventine (Rome).

Many peoples were used to worshiping her as a Goddess of War encroached upon that of Mars. she also has been identified with the Greek Athena after that. Roman emperor Domitian later claimed her special protection, the worship of Minerva attained its greatest vogue in Rome.



Minerva, in general, was famous all over in Italy but the temple of her situated on the Capitoline Hill which was dedicated to the most prominent site for worship. This temple was built in the republican era (510 B.C.E first century.

This temple was wrongly recognized with the ruins of the temple of Minerva Medica nymphaeum which was very nearby to Capitoline Hill.


The Veii Temple is located near Italy, and it was built in 510-500 B.C.E, This Temple was made with mud brick, tufa, and wood. The theme of this temple was Sacred sites and rituals which was decided from its creation. This temple was divided into two parts.

1.Front porch with Tuscan column

2. The back portion was divided into three separate rooms, knows as triple cella.


Parthenon Temple was built between 447 B.C.E and 432 B.C.E IN THE AGE Of Pericles which was originally dedicated to the goddess of war and knowledge (Athena). The Parthenon Temple was made by limestones and Pentelic marble.

Parthenon was once used for the practical purpose as a treasury of the city, later on, the Temple was converted into a Christian church.


The Apollo of VEII is a life-sized Ancient Etruscan terracotta which was created between 550 B.C.E – 520 B.C.E. The Apollo of VEII is situated in National Etruscan Museum of Villa Guilia, Rome.

The Apollo of Veii(Etruscan Aplu) created on a larger scale from the rooftop of Portonaccio.


Quinquatrus became associated with Minerva, after the creation of Temple which is located in Aventine hill. Quinquatrus festival starts from 19th March and lasted 5 days every year as a holiday in a Roman calendar.

The greater quinquatrus was sacred to both Mars and Minerva. As a priestess of Minerva, I offer some ideas for honoring her at this time. The schoolchildren of Rome enjoyed a spring break from classes during this five day holiday.

Minerva was also the sponsor of musicians, who used to honor her both at the Tubilustrium on March 23, the day when the sacred trumpets were purified.


Just like Arthemis and Hestia, Minerva was also never interacted physically with anyone, consequently, she never had any children. History believes that Hephaestus tried to break his virginity forcefully but Athena fought with him and he did not succeed in his mission.

Hephaestus spilled his semen on earth after which Gaea was impregnated. Athena (Minerva) took the custody of that baby which later named Erichthonius.


There are a couple of myths about the death of Minerva. In Greek mythology, Minerva was the goddess, so she is immortal and couldn’t die.

In another version of the story is, Pallas and Athena was a childhood friend, so Athena accidentally killed her friend Pallas in a sparring match. She was the daughter of the god of sea Triton. Athena was so shattered what she had done, so she took the name of Pallas for herself as a sign of her grief.

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