Apollo was the son of Zeus and Leto, twin brother of Artemis. He was the god of music, and he often depicted playing a golden Iyre. He was also known as the Archer, far shooting with a silver bow; the god of healing, giving the science of medicine to man; the god of light, and the god of truth.
One of Apollo’s most important daily tasks was to harness his four horses chariot, to move the sun across the sky. Apollo was an oracle god, as he was the prophetic deity in the Oracle in Delphi. People from over the known world traveled there to learn what the future held for them, through his priestess Pythia.
The god also worshipped on the island of Delos, which initially dedicated to his twin sister Artemis. Concerning the rituals and practice that took place in Delos and Delphi, it could be said that there were two completely distinct cults in honor of Apollo.
As already mentioned, Apollo also considered, as the god of healing and medicine, either through himself or through his son Asclepius. At the same time, he could also bring forth disease and plague with his arrows; it considered that a God that can cause illness is also able to prevent it.
GODS OF LIGHT
- Aether: Predominantly associated with upper air but correlated with light in Hesiod’s Theogony.
- Apollo: God of light, among many other things.
- Eos: goddess of the dawn.
- Hemera: the incarnation of day.
- Hyperion: Titan of light; sometimes conflated with his son Helios
- Theia: Titaness of sight and the shining light of the clear blue sky, and mother of Helios, Selene, and Eos.
- Zeus: as an instinctive of Dyeus, could be considered the god of the day-lit sky.
ROMAN GOD OF LIGHT
Apollo is the god of music, arts, and poetry in mythology. He was depicted as a handsome, beardless youth with long hair in Istanbul Archaeology Museums.
As the Roman god of light, Apollo was the son of Jupiter and brother of Diana. Apollo usually represented as a young and beardless athletic fighter. Many stories show that he grounded by many gorgeous lovers all his life.
In Roman mythology, Apollo was a deity of manifold functions. His original nature is obscure, from the time of Homer. He was the god of divine distance.
In Roman and Greek mythology, Apollo was the most prominent and complex of the Olympian deities in both Greek and Roman religion. Apollo was also the patron deity of Delphi.
Apollo was the patron of seafarers and protector of refugees. Apollo was the patron of herdsmen and shepherds. Apollo was also famous for expanding its new towns and the founding of the civil constitution.