Hermes used to wear winged cap and sandals, and carrying his caduceus. He was the inventor of numerous ideas, including the syrinx, music, the alphabet, numbers, weight, and measure.

Hermes also invented astronomy and the art of fighting and gymnastics. Despite his occasional thievery, he was perhaps the most generous to mortals than any other gods and grew a great liking to them.

Hermes was not only god of shepherds but also of literature and poetry. Hermes was also associated with fertility and good fortune. Hermes often presented as a graceful youth. Hermes was born in a cave on a mountain and conceived within one day.


Son of Hermes is Pan. He was born with half body of a human and head of a goat with two strange horns. Hermes’s wife was so frightened to see her son. Pan was the companions of the Nymphs. He has also recognized as the god of fields and glands.


Hermes’ Roman counterpart is Mercury.


Hermes was the Greek god of commerce, son of Zeus and Maia. Quick-acting and cunning, he was able to move swiftly between man and the world of gods. He was acting as a messenger of the gods and the link between mortals and Olympians.

Hermes was the protector of travelers, thieves, shepherds, gamblers, inventors, and athletes. He occasionally tricked the other gods for his amusement or to protect humans. Hermes never married, but fathered many children with other female love affairs, including Aphrodite.

Hermes helped to bestow wealth to many through commerce and gambling and would come to aid mortals in distress, including the great heroes Perseus and Odysseus.


Hermes was the god of trade and also the guide to the underworld. As the conductor of souls, he guided the dead into the afterlife. Hermes was the second of the Olympian gods. The winged cap and winged sandals were one of his symbols.


His primary logo though was the Greek keryeion or Latin caduceus. It was a short-winged staff entwined by two serpents. Hermes could freely move between the mortal and the divine world.

Hermes was quick and smart, therefore the messenger of the gods. The god of war Ares was once put in chains and imprisoned in a bronze urn. Hermes released the god of war of his imprisonment.


Hermes’ most notable and incredible ability was his speed. This helped Zeus in deciding to appoint him as a chief messenger of the gods. Hermes was known to be quick and cunning as the god of boundaries and transitions and could move freely between the mortal and divine world. This skill that made him a luck-bringing messenger to the gods and interceptors between mortals and divine.


Whenever Zeus needed something or someone retrieved, he would send the trickster Hermes. Zeus sent him to steal the sinews of Zeus back from the monster Typhon. Zeus impressed by Hermes’ skill in persuasion and bartering, deciding to make him the messenger of the gods. It is due to these skills that Hermes also regarded to be the patron of merchants and diplomats.

One day Hermes happened upon two snakes locked in combat with one another. He separated them with his staff, and he brought peace between them as the two snakes entwined themselves eternally around the caduceus-an eternal sign of peace.


Hermes is known to be a very shrewd dealmaker and enjoyed playing pranks on his fellow half-brothers and sisters, particularly his half-brother Apollo. The most famous incident occurred after he was even born. While his mother slept, the young god slipped out of his cradle and went looking for adventure.

Upon the way he discovered a tortoiseshell, and attaching some strings to it made from sheep gut, he created a new musical instrument the Iyre.


He wandered farther until he happened upon the pastures where his half-brother Apollo’s sacred cattle grazed. Deciding to play a trick upon his siblings, the mischievous god silently stole them and cleverly concealed his footprints.

After the prank, he ran back to the cave, innocently slipping into his crib once again. Upon the discovery of his missing cattle, Apollo was both furious and confused, especially when he discovered that the newborn Hermes had committed the crime.


As a token of apology, the young Hermes presented his brother with the newly made Iyre, which completely enchanted Apollo’s love of music. Apollo allowed the infant god to keep his herd of cattle in exchange for allowing the god of music to keep the new Iyre. Many say that this was the first world’s business deal.


The goddess Hera was looking for her husband, Zeus, but could not find him anywhere in the Olympus. From the top of Olympus, the goddess looked at the black cloud, and she did not doubt that her husband Zeus hidden.


Zeus had descended to earth to have yet another meeting with his lover, the princess Io. The young girl noticed that the goddess Hera is getting near and warn Zeus about it, who suddenly decided to turn the girl into a beautiful cow. Hera was pretending that she did not notice her husband trick Hera said, what are you doing with this splendid cow? I want to have it.

Io Transformed in Cow

Due to no other option, Zeus agreed and gave the cow to Hera. When Hera reached Olympus with a cow, she called Argos, who is one of her creatures with a hundred eyes. The monster took the beautiful little cow to Egypt, and there he let her go but remain vigilant at all times even when he was resting.

Argos kept him some of his eyes opened for watching the cow, after noticing that Io is missing, Zeus asked Hermes to find the Nymph and killed the creature who had taken her. Hermes walks every field every region just for finding the Zeus’ cow, and the subtle god finally finds Argos watching the Nymph.


Hermes decided to disguise himself as a shepherd and walk toward both of them. Hermes finally closed all the eyes of the monster with his music and melody. Hermes killed the creature and freed the cow. When Hera knows her faithful creature killed, she decided to put all his eyes in the feather of a royal peacock.

Hera decided to punish the cow and torture her, but Zeus promised the Hera that he would never go after the princess again if she releases Io from her punishment. Here lifted the penalty, and the Io got her former shape back.


1, Symbols: rooster, tortoise, caduceus, winged sandals, and cap.
2. Hermes has no beard in many depictions as a young man, and in some cases, wears a winged cap.
3. Hermes, like other gods, was immortal. Hermes led the dead to the underworld.
4. Hermes became known as the god of thieves, after stealing Apollo’s cattle.
5. One myth states that Autolycus sacrificed himself to Hermes and gained his skills as a thief afterward.
6. Hermes believed in dressing as a mortal so that he could test other mortal’s hospitality.
7. Hermes is also known as Atlantiades and Argus-slayer.
8. The feast of Hermes was Hermaea.
9. Hermes gave Pandora the ability to lie and seduce others with only her words.
10. Hermes was able to avoid being turned into an animal by chewing a magical herb.