Ceres was the daughter of Saturn, the god of Time and Ops, the goddess of fertility. She was the sister of Jupiter, Juno, Vesta, Neptune, and Pluto. Proserpina was her daughter, fathered by Jupiter. She was the central deity in the Aventine Triad, the other members being Liber, the god of Vine, and Libera goddess of Freedom.

The Romans held a festival in her honor called the festival of Cerealia, which lasted for seven days. It held from mid to late April. Circus games held in the celebration of Cerealia. It started with a horse race; the tails of the foxes set ablaze to add warmth and vitality to their crops. She also honored at harvest-time during Roman weddings and at funeral ceremonies.


The protection and nourishment of the seeds were one of Ceres’s tasks. Ceres had assistant gods; Ceres was one of Rome’s 12 Di Consentes. Di Consentes consisted of 6 Goddesses and 6 Gods. The female members were Juno, Minerva, Vesta, Ceres, Diana, and Venus. The male members were Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Neptune, Vulcan, and Apollo.


Ceres was the goddess of agriculture, grains, crops, and fertility. She had the ability to fertilize and multiply plant seeds. Ceres was the kind goddess Roman and Roman people ever had. The goddess of agriculture, she was beloved for her services to humankind and giving them the gift of the harvest. Ceres was the goddess of harvesting and was credited to teaching humans how to grow, prepare, and preserve grains and corn.

She had thought to be responsible for the fertility of the land. She was the only goddess who genuinely interested in people’s problems and to solve that also. Ceres was used to worship at the Aventine Hill, which was one of the seven hills build in ancient Rome.


The Ceres festival named Cerealia, which was celebrated on October 4th every year. The Cerealia festival, also known as the Harvest festival, which offers the first fruits of the harvest, and pigs made to Ceres. The deep and hidden meaning of this festival is thanksgiving to needy people and enjoy with them with music, dance, games, and also a thanksgiving feast.


Her greek counterpart is Demeter; the word Cereals derived from Ceres. Ceres depicted on several ten and twenty notes. Confederate States of America dollar notes.


Demeter was also the goddess of fertility and harvest in Greek mythology. She presided over grains and the fertility of the earth. Her father was Kronos, the god of the sky and the leader of the Titans. Her mother was Rhea, known as the mother of the gods.

Though Demeter was often described only as of the goddess of fertility and harvest, she also presided over the sacred law and even the cycle of life and death. Her symbol was the poppy, a bright red flower. Demeter’s Roman counterpart was Ceres. Together with Lasion, Demeter bore the twin brothers Ploutos, the god of the wealth, and the demi-god Philomelus.

Demeter’s daughter with Zeus, was Persephone, queen of the underworld. The king of the underworld once abducted Persephone. Demeter searched for her ceaselessly. Demeter mourned her loss. Since she was no longer presiding over the fertility, the reason halted and living things stopped to grow, and then begin to die.

Faced with the extinction of all life on earth, Zeus sent his messenger Hermes to the underworld to bring Persephone back. Hades, the king of the underworld, agreed to release Persephone.

In exchange, she had to come back to the underworld for certain months of every year. Persephone’s time in the underworld corresponded with the unfruitful season, and her return to the upper world in springtime.


  1. There was a fertility festival called Thesmophoria held in the importance of Demeter; this festival only restricted for the woman. Women told to wear white dresses to attend the festival.
  2. Dionysus Demeter and were worshipped at Eleusis, a little town near Athens.
  3. Men called Demeter the Good Goddess despite the misery; she had brought about as a result of her sorrow.
  4. She named Triptolemus her ambassador to men.
  5. She taught Triptolemus and Celeus her sacred rites.
  6. The snake and the pig were sacred to her.
  7. The torch often portrayed in connection with Demeter because of her consistent search for Persephone.
  8. She revealed to man the art of using corn and its growing.