In Greek mythology, Agamemnon was the king of Mycenae or Argos, son of King Atreus and Queen Aerope. His brother was Menelaus, who was married to Helen. The main character that participated in the events leading to the Trojan war. He was married to Clytemnestra and had four children, Iphigenia, Orestes, Chrysothemis, and Electra, also known as Laodike.
When Agamemnon and Menelaus were still young, they were forced to take off to Mycenae as their cousin Aegisthus forcibly took possession of the throne. This act culminated after a long time clash between their fathers.
Agamemnon and Menelaus found asylum in Sparta, in the court of King Tyndareus, and they later married Tyndareus’ daughters Clytemnestra and Helen, respectively.
Agamemnon was a Greek legend, and he was the son or grandson of “Atreus.” After the assassination of Atreus, his nephew Aegisthus took the command of the government, which later taken by Agamemnon. Agamemnon called by the princess of the country to unite within a revenge war against the Trojans. He single-handedly made 100 ships and was chosen the commander in chief of all the battalions.
All the forces were combined at the port of Aulis in Boeotia, but intercepted by the contrary winds that were dispatch by the goddess Artemis.
AGAMEMNON AND ARTEMIS’ MYTH
After Tyndareus’ death, Menelaus became a king while Agamemnon managed to retake the throne of Mycenae, exiling Aegisthus and his father. Later the prince of Troy Paris, assisted by Aphrodite, abducted Helen, Menelaus wife, and went back to Troy. Agamemnon agreed to help his brother to take her back and declared war on Troy. However, as the ships were ready to set sail, Agamemnon’s army infuriated the goddess Artemis, who sent several misfortunes against them.
The prophet Calchas realized that Artemis’ fury would only be appeased by the sacrifice of Agamemnon’s daughter Iphigenia. This part of the myth has different has a different version as to whether Iphegenia accepted her fate or she was tricked thinking she would be married to Achilles.
In the end, she was sacrificed. However, there are alternatives to this part as well. Some sources say that she was sacrificed, while in others, Artemis replaced her with a deer and took her to the region of Tauris in the Crimean peninsula, Agamemnon never found out.
CONCLUSION OF TROJAN WAR
In the Greek city of Argos, on the roof of the Royal Palace. A watchman impatiently awaits of the outcome of the Trojan war, when he sees the particular fire the watchmen rejoices. After that, watchmen confirms the news to Clytemnestra that Agamemnon wins the clash. Clytemnestra started giving sacrifices to the god and ordered the group of old men called “Chorus,” to prepare the song and welcome the Agamemnon and his army. Chorus, the group of, older men was waiting for this moment and hoping this victory for Ten years.
After the end of the war, Agamemnon returned to the home. Where Aegisthus seduce Clytemnestra, and the two of them started an affair. Then the two of them plotted a situation against Agamemnon and killed him. The reason Clytemnestra gave to the public, I killed Agamemnon because he slaughters our daughter Iphegenia, as a sacrifice to Artemis. Thus Aegisthus becomes the newly crowned head of Mycenae again.
Later Orestes, Agamemnon’s son, avenged his father’s death by killing the two lovers. However, this caused the wrath of Erinyes, because then he committed matricide.
In 1875-1876, Heinrich Schliemann excavated the site of Mycenae and discovered the five Mycenean burial masks in a location that he labeled “Grave Circle A, Mycenae.” In this excavation, Schliemann unearthed the funerary item, which he exclaimed to be the “Mask of Agamemnon.” The great warrior king of Mycenae, with the other four masks being those of his greatest warriors.
In 1873, when Schliemann excavated treasure hill on what he thought was the site of Troy VI or VII, he immediately assumed since this is Troy VI, my discovery is that king of Priam’s treasure even though it was later proved to not be Troy VI or VII, but rather Troy II.
Then, perhaps to little surprise, when Schliemann excavated Mycenae, nearly the same thing happened to withe the funerary masks. Schliemann assumed he had found King Agamemnon, but later it was discovered the masks dated almost 300 years before the Trojan War.
The main symbols of Agamemnon.
The net imaginary comes to suggest death and fate itself. It was used by the Agamemnon to capture the slaves, cheater, stealers, or even to capture the whole building. Clytemnestra also claimed to cover the dead body by the net after she killed him. The “Chorus” also claims Agamemnon lies in a spider’s web of death.
The watchdog represents the responsibility and waiting for guardianship. The dog is a humble servant protecting others at the expense of it selfs. The watchdog had a similar duty just like the watchmen to detect the fire and inform Clytemnestra about the Victory of Greece.
This purple carpet is referred to as red, a deep reddish-purple similar to the color of blood. And its symbolism of bloodshed in the house of Atreus, and to evil acts and death.
Birds are another notable symbol; characters were often compared to birds, and describe the details of any character’s personality, and fate. Clytemnestra also compared to the blackbird because he murdered Agamemnon. Agamemnon and Menelaus were two proud eagles.
Menelaus and Agamemnon have also represented its birds, whose nests have been robed to Helen. The two eagles, one black and one white, were used to fly with the ships as a symbol of favorable sign and victory.